opuesto de sad
His ex-wife and children had agreed to pay his pension there. , Various influential cultural figures have expressed a great interest in Sade's work, including the French philosopher Michel Foucault, the American film maker John Waters and the Spanish filmmaker Jesús Franco. He argued that an author in this genre was forced to choose between elaborate explanations of the supernatural or no explanation at all and that in either case the reader was unavoidably rendered incredulous. (in a sad …  A similarity to the later philosophy of Max Stirner and Friedrich Nietzsche along with Nazi ideology has also been claimed, although it is admitted that no evidence exists for the Nazis being directly inspired by De Sade (Nietzsche however didn't read him). Sade's life and works have been the subject of numerous fictional plays, films, pornographic or erotic drawings, etchings, and more. Alternating title usage indicates that titular hierarchy (below duc et pair) was notional; theoretically, the marquis title was granted to noblemen owning several countships, but its use by men of dubious lineage caused its disrepute. Sade's use of pornographic devices to create provocative works that subvert the prevailing moral values of his time inspired many other artists in a variety of media. He theorized that the adversity of the period had rightfully caused Gothic writers to "look to hell for help in composing their alluring novels." His work is referenced on film at least as early as You look really sad. , Serial killer Ian Brady, who with Myra Hindley carried out torture and murder of children known as the Moors murders in England during the 1960s, was fascinated by Sade, and the suggestion was made at their trial and appeals that the tortures of the children (the screams and pleadings of whom they tape-recorded) were influenced by Sade's ideas and fantasies. The concept of courtship disorder. , For many years, Sade's descendants regarded his life and work as a scandal to be suppressed. WordReference English-Spanish Dictionary © 2020: Forum discussions with the word(s) "sadly" in the title: In other languages: French | Italian | Portuguese | Romanian | German | Dutch | Swedish | Russian | Polish | Czech | Greek | Turkish | Chinese | Japanese | Korean | Arabic. Report an error or suggest an improvement. Similarly, in the horror film Waxwork, Sade is among the film's wax villains to come alive. His works include novels, short stories, plays, dialogues, and political tracts. See Spanish-English translations with audio pronunciations, examples, and word-by-word explanations. It is the impact of sadism instead of acts of sadism itself that emerge in this work, unlike the aggressive and rapacious approach in his libertine works. Later that year, Sade was tricked into going to Paris to visit his supposedly ill mother, who in fact had recently died. Four years later, in 1772, Sade committed further acts with four prostitutes and his manservant, Latour.  The repetitive and obsessive nature of the account of Justine's abuse and frustration in her strivings to be a good Christian living a virtuous and pure life may on a superficial reading seem tediously excessive. The surrealists admired him as one of their forerunners, and Guillaume Apollinaire famously called him "the freest spirit that has yet existed".. These works challenge traditional perceptions of sexuality, religion, law, age, and gender. In 1784, Vincennes was closed, and Sade was transferred to the Bastille. You seemed really sad. For example, in the final episode of the television series Friday the 13th: The Series, Micki, the female protagonist, travels back in time and ends up being imprisoned and tortured by Sade. That is sad, but well said. There is blood, banditti, corpses, and of course insatiable lust. In 1809, new police orders put Sade into solitary confinement and deprived him of pens and paper. Donald Thomas, The Marquis de Sade (Allison & Busby 1992).  Yukio Mishima, Barry Yzereef, and Doug Wright also wrote plays about Sade; Weiss's and Wright's plays have been made into films. In 1776, he returned to Lacoste, again hired several servant girls, most of whom soon fled. He was arrested and imprisoned in the Château de Vincennes. In his literary criticism Sade sought to prevent his fiction from being labeled "Gothic" by emphasizing Gothic's supernatural aspects as the fundamental difference from themes in his own work. He was released in 1794 after the end of the Reign of Terror.  The modern volume entitled Gothic Tales collects a variety of other short works of fiction intended to be included in Sade's Contes et Fabliaux d'un Troubadour Provencal du XVIII Siecle.  He subsequently discovered a store of Sade's papers in the family château at Condé-en-Brie, and worked with scholars for decades to enable their publication. He wrote that the Gothic novel was a perfectly natural, predictable consequence of the revolutionary sentiments in Europe. Similarly, Camille Paglia argued that Sade can be best understood as a satirist, responding "point by point" to Rousseau's claims that society inhibits and corrupts mankind's innate goodness: Paglia notes that Sade wrote in the aftermath of the French Revolution, when Rousseauist Jacobins instituted the bloody Reign of Terror and Rousseau's predictions were brutally disproved. Donatien Alphonse François, Marquis de Sade (French: [dɔnasjɛ̃ alfɔ̃z fʁɑ̃swa, maʁki də sad]; 2 June 1740 – 2 December 1814), was a French nobleman, revolutionary politician, philosopher, and writer, famous for his libertine sexuality. In 1969, American International Films released a German-made production called de Sade, with Keir Dullea in the title role. Constance, pretending to be his relative, was allowed to live with him at Charenton. Sade's most famous books are often classified not as Gothic but as libertine novels, and include the novels Justine, or the Misfortunes of Virtue; Juliette; The 120 Days of Sodom; and Philosophy in the Bedroom. At that time, the "divine marquis" of legend was so unmentionable in his own family that Xavier de Sade only learned of him in the late 1940s when approached by a journalist. This did not change until the mid-twentieth century, when the Comte Xavier de Sade reclaimed the marquis title, long fallen into disuse, on his visiting cards, and took an interest in his ancestor's writings. " At the Lycée Louis-le-Grand, he was subjected to "severe corporal punishment," including "flagellation," and he "spent the rest of his adult life obsessed with the violent act.". sadly adv adverb : Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly ," " very rare," "happening now ," "fall down ." In 1796, now completely destitute, he had to sell his ruined castle in Lacoste. The men of the Sade family alternated between using the marquis and comte (count) titles. , In his doctoral thesis G. T. Roche, a New Zealand philosopher, argued that Sade, contrary to what some have claimed, did indeed express a specific philosophical worldview. Quills, inspired by Sade's imprisonment and battles with the censorship in his society, portrays him (Geoffrey Rush) as a literary freedom fighter who is a martyr to the cause of free expression. ", The Marquis de Sade viewed Gothic fiction as a genre that relied heavily on magic and phantasmagoria. APRENDE FACILMENTE EL IDIOMA abrir cerrar to open to close abuelo abuela grandpa grandma  Additionally, he criticizes the idea Sade demonstrated morality cannot be based on reason. In 1777, the father of one of those employees went to Lacoste to claim his daughter, and attempted to shoot the Marquis at point-blank range, but the gun misfired. Lista de opuestos en inglés con su traducción al español. The eponym of the psychological and subcultural term sadism, his name is used variously to evoke sexual violence, licentiousness, and freedom of speech. A substantial number were destroyed after Sade's death at the instigation of his son, Donatien-Claude-Armand. , Sade's fiction has been classified under different genres, including pornography, Gothic, and baroque. Since Sade professed that the ultimate goal of an author should be to deliver an accurate portrayal of man, it is believed that Sade's attempts to separate himself from the Gothic novel highlights this conviction. Within his objections to the lack of verisimilitude in the Gothic may have been an attempt to present his own work as the better representation of the whole nature of man. Support us today by going Premium Sade and Latour were caught and imprisoned at the Fortress of Miolans in French Savoy in late 1772, but escaped four months later. Pierre Klossowski, in his 1947 book Sade Mon Prochain ("Sade My Neighbour"), analyzes Sade's philosophy as a precursor of nihilism, negating Christian values and the materialism of the Enlightenment. After intervention by his family, he was declared insane in 1803 and transferred once more to the Charenton Asylum. To have a character like Justine, who is stripped without ceremony and bound to a wheel for fondling and thrashing, would be unthinkable in the domestic Gothic fiction written for the bourgeoisie. In January 1767, his father died. Keller finally escaped by climbing out of a second-floor window and running away. Thus, Gorer argued, "he can with some justice be called the first reasoned socialist. Desafortunadamente, Dave nos dejará a finales de mes para incorporarse a otra empresa. In 1790, Sade was released from Charenton after the new National Constituent Assembly abolished the instrument of lettre de cachet. Susie Bright claims that Dworkin's first novel Ice and Fire, which is rife with violence and abuse, can be seen as a modern retelling of Sade's Juliette. The lettre de cachet would later prove disastrous for the marquis.. , French nobleman famous for his libertine sexuality, "De Sade" redirects here. Translate El opuesto de triste. Prolific French intellectuals such as Roland Barthes, Jacques Lacan, Jacques Derrida, and Michel Foucault published studies of him. Sade held the work of writers Matthew Lewis and Ann Radcliffe high above other Gothic authors, praising the brilliant imagination of Radcliffe and pointing to Lewis' The Monk as without question the genre's best achievement. Compared to works like Justine, here Sade is relatively tame, as overt eroticism and torture is subtracted for a more psychological approach. After several short imprisonments, which included a brief incarceration in the Château de Saumur (then a prison), he was exiled to his château at Lacoste in 1768. De Sade was incarcerated in various prisons and an insane asylum for about 32 years of his life: 11 years in Paris (10 of which were spent in the Bastille), a month in the Conciergerie, two years in a fortress, a year in Madelonnettes Convent, three years in Bicêtre Asylum, a year in Sainte-Pélagie Prison, and 12 years in the Charenton Asylum. Descriptions in Justine seem to anticipate Radcliffe's scenery in The Mysteries of Udolpho and the vaults in The Italian, but, unlike these stories, there is no escape for Sade's virtuous heroine, Justine. Ver traducciones en inglés y español con pronunciaciones de audio, ejemplos y traducciones palabra por palabra. , Beginning in 1763, Sade lived mainly in or near Paris.  In the two suitcases found by the police that contained books that belonged to Brady was The Life and Ideas of the Marquis de Sade. Because of the damage done to his estate in Lacoste, which was sacked in 1789 by an angry mob, he moved to Paris. (2013).  As well as the manuscripts they retain, others are held in universities and libraries. There have also been numerous film adaptions of his work, the most notable being Pasolini's Salò, an adaptation of de Sade's infamous book, The 120 Days of Sodom.  In literature, Sade is referenced in several stories by horror and science fiction writer (and author of Psycho) Robert Bloch, while Polish science fiction author Stanisław Lem wrote an essay analyzing the game theory arguments appearing in Sade's Justine. ", Simone de Beauvoir (in her essay Must we burn Sade?, published in Les Temps modernes, December 1951 and January 1952) and other writers have attempted to locate traces of a radical philosophy of freedom in Sade's writings, preceding modern existentialism by some 150 years. Son más de 300 palabras para una conversación cotidiana. The philosopher of egoist anarchism, Max Stirner, is also speculated to have been influenced by Sade's work. These instructions were not followed; he was buried at Charenton.  On the other hand, the French hedonist philosopher Michel Onfray has attacked this interest in de Sade, writing that "It is intellectually bizarre to make Sade a hero.  He was raised by servants who indulged "his every whim," which led to his becoming "known as a rebellious and spoiled child with an ever-growing temper. An example is "Eugénie de Franval", a tale of incest and retribution. By holding these views, he cut himself off entirely from the revolutionary thinkers of his time to join those of the mid-nineteenth century. The poet Algernon Charles Swinburne is also said to have been highly influenced by Sade. In 1801, Napoleon Bonaparte ordered the arrest of the anonymous author of Justine and Juliette. ", "Quand le marquis de Sade entre dans l'ère du marketing", "The Life and Times of the Marquis de Sade", Sexual Personae: Art and Decadence from Nefertiti to Emily Dickinson, "Much Sense the Starkest Madness: Sade's Moral Scepticism", https://home.isi.org/dostoevsky-vs-marquis-de-sade, "Max Stirner – The Successor of the Marquis de Sade, Maurice Schuhmann", "Oxford Dictionary of National Biography", "The Myra Hindley Case: 'Brady told me that I would be in a grave too if I backed out, "The Marquis de Sade and induced abortion", "Foucault, Sade and Enlightenment: what Interests us to know of this Relationship?  He kept a group of young employees at the chateau, most of whom complained about molestation and quickly left his service. "Simply follow nature, Rousseau declares. It has been suggested that Sade's writing influenced the subsequent medical and social acceptance of abortion in Western society.. His grandfather, Gaspard François de Sade, was the first to use marquis; occasionally, he was the Marquis de Sade, but is identified in documents as the Marquis de Mazan. De Sade is best known for his erotic works, which combined philosophical discourse with pornography, depicting sexual fantasies with an emphasis on violence (particularly against women and children), suffering, anal sex (which he calls sodomy), crime, and blasphemy against Christianity. Then he whipped her. He became infamous for his numerous sexual crimes and abuse against young men, women, and children. However, at least one philosopher has rejected Adorno and Horkheimer's claim that Sade's moral skepticism is actually coherent, or that it reflects Enlightenment thought, and concludes it fits better into the emerging Counter-Enlightenment of the time. , In his 1988 Political Theory and Modernity, William E. Connolly analyzes Sade's Philosophy in the Bedroom as an argument against earlier political philosophers, notably Jean-Jacques Rousseau and Thomas Hobbes, and their attempts to reconcile nature, reason, and virtue as bases of ordered society.  This episode in Marseille involved the drugging of prostitutes with the supposed aphrodisiac Spanish fly and sodomy with Latour. Paradoxically, however, Sade checks the reader's instinct to treat them as laughable cheap pornography and obscenity by knowingly and artfully interweaving the tale of her trials with extended reflections on individual and social morality. However, there is much evidence suggesting that he suffered abuse from his fellow revolutionaries due to his aristocratic background. His wife obtained a divorce soon afterwards. Sade began a sexual relationship with 14-year-old Madeleine LeClerc, daughter of an employee at Charenton. , Sexual sadism disorder, a mental condition named after Sade, has been defined as experiencing sexual arousal in response to extreme pain, suffering or humiliation done non-consensually to others (as described in Sade's novels). He also criticizes Sade's views, seeing in the last (along with blaming the Jews for creating the "weak" religion Christianity) a precursor to Adolf Hitler's philosophy (though also not claiming a direct link, i.e. While claiming he was opposed to the Reign of Terror in 1793, he wrote an admiring eulogy for Jean-Paul Marat. De Sade was born on 2 June 1740, in the Hôtel de Condé, Paris, to Jean Baptiste François Joseph, Count de Sade and Marie Eléonore de Maillé de Carman, distant cousin and Lady-in-waiting to the Princess of Condé.  Sade was arrested at his publisher's office and imprisoned without trial; first in the Sainte-Pélagie Prison and, following allegations that he had tried to seduce young fellow prisoners there, in the harsh Bicêtre Asylum. An article in The Independent, a British online newspaper, gives contrasting views: the French novelist Pierre Guyotat said, "Sade is, in a way, our Shakespeare. During Sade's time of freedom, beginning in 1790, he published several of his books anonymously.  He claimed to be a proponent of absolute freedom, unrestrained by morality, religion, or law. In the late 20th century, there was a resurgence of interest in Sade; leading French intellectuals like Roland Barthes, Jacques Lacan, Jacques Derrida, and Michel Foucault published studies of the philosopher, and interest in Sade among scholars and artists continued. Sadly, Dave will be leaving us at the end of the month to join another company; I'm sure we will all miss him. Estoy seguro de que todos le echaremos de menos.  After twenty months of training, on 14 December 1755, at age 15, Sade was commissioned as a sub-lieutenant, becoming a soldier. Through the unreleased passions of his libertines, Sade wished to shake the world at its core. Suffering is the primary rule, as in these novels one must often decide between sympathizing with the torturer or the victim.  However, he has also said Sade's views cannot be blamed on Enlightenment philosophy nor inspired the Holocaust, contra Theodor Adorno and Max Horkheimer in their work Dialectic of Enlightenment (rather, he associates both of them with the emerging Counter-Enlightenment, seeing similarities here to Friedrich Nietzsche's philosophy too), while also elucidating differences Sade had from Nazis' views. This lasted some four years, until his death in 1814. He met Marie-Constance Quesnet, a former actress with a six-year-old son, who had been abandoned by her husband. There have been many and varied references to the Marquis de Sade in popular culture, including fictional works and biographies.  Coulmier's novel approaches to psychotherapy attracted much opposition. The Sade family were noblesse d'épée, claiming at the time the oldest, Frank-descended nobility, so assuming a noble title without a King's grant, was customarily de rigueur. 外国人の夫と一緒にアニメ鬼滅の刃を見ました。ここでは簡単なあらすじと、観た感想を載せています。基本アクション映画が好きな夫が日本のアニメを見て何を思ったか。英語とスペイン語でも本人の感想を載せているので興味のある方、ぜひ読んでみてください。 ", Later in his childhood, Sade was sent to the Lycée Louis-le-Grand in Paris, a Jesuit college, for four years. Traduce lo opuesto de triste. Sade was celebrated in surrealist periodicals, and feted by figures such as Guillaume Apollinaire, Paul Éluard, and Maurice Heine; Man Ray admired Sade because he and other surrealists viewed him as an ideal of freedom. Guins, Raiford, and Cruz, Omayra Zaragoza, 2005. , In Philosophy in the Bedroom Sade proposed the use of induced abortion for social reasons and population control, marking the first time the subject had been discussed in public. He identifies a number of positions Sade had argued for, including antitheism, atheism, determinism, hedonism, materialism, moral relativism, moral nihilism and proto-Social Darwinism. At age 14, Sade began attending an elite military academy.  After thirteen months as a sub-lieutenant, he was commissioned to the rank of cornet in the Brigade de S. André of the Comte de Provence's Carbine Regiment.  While at the school, he was tutored by Abbé Jacques-François Amblet, a priest. Often Sade himself has been depicted in American popular culture less as a revolutionary or even as a libertine and more akin to a sadistic, tyrannical villain. The director of the institution, Abbé de Coulmier, allowed and encouraged him to stage several of his plays, with the inmates as actors, to be viewed by the Parisian public. Many, however, were lost in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. While these works focus on the dark side of human nature, the magic and phantasmagoria that dominates the Gothic is noticeably absent and is the primary reason these works are not considered to fit the genre.. Estoy seguro de que todos le echaremos de menos. The following year, he wrote the manuscript for his magnum opus Les 120 Journées de Sodome (The 120 Days of Sodom), which he wrote in minuscule handwriting on a continuous roll of paper he rolled tightly and placed in his cell wall to hide. At Court, precedence was by seniority and royal favor, not title. His opinions on sexual violence, sadism, and pedophilia stunned even those contemporaries of Sade who were quite familiar with the dark themes of the Gothic novel during its popularity in the late 18th century. The Sade family paid the maid to keep her quiet, but the wave of social embarrassment damaged Sade's reputation.  At this stage, he was becoming publicly critical of Maximilien Robespierre and, on 5 December, he was removed from his posts, accused of moderatism, and imprisoned for almost a year. ", In The Sadeian Woman: And the Ideology of Pornography (1979), Angela Carter provides a feminist reading of Sade, seeing him as a "moral pornographer" who creates spaces for women. Unlike the milder Gothic fiction of Radcliffe, Sade's protagonist is brutalized throughout and dies tragically. Freund, K., & Blanchard, R. (1986). He told her she could make money by working for him—she understood her work to be that of a housekeeper.  Hindley herself claimed that Brady would send her to obtain books by Sade, and that after reading them he became sexually aroused and beat her. The contemporary rival pornographer Rétif de la Bretonne published an Anti-Justine in 1798. He pointed out that Sade was in complete opposition to contemporary philosophers for both his "complete and continual denial of the right to property" and for viewing the struggle in late 18th century French society as being not between "the Crown, the bourgeoisie, the aristocracy or the clergy, or sectional interests of any of these against one another", but rather all of these "more or less united against the proletariat." He had left instructions in his will forbidding that his body be opened for any reason whatsoever, and that it remain untouched for 48 hours in the chamber in which he died, and then placed in a coffin and buried on his property located in Malmaison near Épernon.  His youngest son, the Marquis Thibault de Sade, has continued the collaboration. Despite his celebration of The Monk, Sade believed that there was not a single Gothic novel that had been able to overcome these problems, and that a Gothic novel that did would be universally regarded for its excellence in fiction. Tom said I looked very sad. updating Sade's novel to the brief Salò Republic; Benoît Jacquot's Sade and Philip Kaufman's Quills (from the play of the same name by Doug Wright) both hit cinemas in 2000. Sinónimo sad inglés, significado, diccionario inglés de sinónimos, consulte también 'sadden',saddle',shady',shade', ejemplos, conjugación 1 adj If you are sad, you feel unhappy, usually because something has happened that you do not like. In 1813, the government ordered Coulmier to suspend all theatrical performances. One of the essays in Max Horkheimer and Theodor Adorno's Dialectic of Enlightenment (1947) is titled "Juliette, or Enlightenment and Morality" and interprets the ruthless and calculating behavior of Juliette as the embodiment of the philosophy of enlightenment. To his despair, he believed that the manuscript was destroyed in the storming of the Bastille, though it was actually saved by a man named Arnoux de Saint-Maximin two days before the Bastille was attacked. At his chateau at Arcueil, Sade ripped her clothes off, threw her on a divan and tied her by the four limbs, face-down, so that she could not see behind her. , The first major scandal occurred on Easter Sunday in 1768, in which Sade procured the services of a woman, Rose Keller, a widow-beggar who approached him for alms. Sade later hid at Lacoste where he rejoined his wife, who became an accomplice in his subsequent endeavors. Many of his works were written in prison. Keller testified that he made various incisions on her body into which he poured hot wax, although investigators found no broken skin on Keller, and Sade explained that he had applied ointment to her after the whipping. The words sadism and sadist are derived from his name.. Ejemplos de uso de la palabra sad I was sad and lonely.  La Présidente, Sade's mother-in-law, obtained a lettre de cachet (a royal order of arrest and imprisonment, without stated cause or access to the courts) from the King, protecting Sade from the jurisdiction of the courts. Matters were not helped by his son's May 1792 desertion from the military, where he had been serving as a second lieutenant and the aide-de-camp to an important colonel, the Marquis de Toulengeon. In 1763, on returning from war, he courted a rich magistrate's daughter, but her father rejected his suitorship and instead arranged a marriage with his elder daughter, Renée-Pélagie de Montreuil; that marriage produced two sons and a daughter. Simone de Beauvoir and Georges Bataille have argued that the repetitive form of his libertine novels, though hindering the artfulness of his prose, ultimately strengthened his individualist arguments. According to Donald Thomas, who has written a biography on Sade, Brady and Hindley had read very little of Sade's actual work; the only book of his they possessed was an anthology of excerpts that included none of his most extreme writings.  The family sold the Château de Condé in 1983. While not personally depicted, Sade's writings feature prominently in the novel Too Like the Lightning, first book in the Terra Ignota sequence written by Ada Palmer. Sade was forced to flee to Italy once again. In The Crimes of Love, subtitled "Heroic and Tragic Tales", Sade combines romance and horror, employing several Gothic tropes for dramatic purposes. On the second view he becomes a symbol of the artist's struggle with the censor and that of the moral philosopher with the constraints of conventional morality. Additionally, one of the central locations in the novel, a brothel advertising itself as a "bubble of the 18th century", features an inscription over the proprietor's door dedicating the establishment as a temple to Sade, an homage to Voltaire's "Le Temple du goût, par M. de Voltaire. On the other hand, it could be argued that Sade's sexually explicit works were a medium for the articulation but also for the exposure of the corrupt and hypocritical values of the elite in his society, and that it was primarily this inconvenient and embarrassing satire that led to his long-term detention. Is something important missing? He resumed writing and met fellow prisoner Comte de Mirabeau, who also wrote erotic works. The English Minute His skull was later removed from the grave for phrenological examination.  In 1766, he had a private theatre built in his castle, the Château de Lacoste, in Provence. The cruelties depicted in his works gave rise to the concept of sadism.  On a conventional moral view in Sade's time as today, Sade was incarcerated because his predilection for sexual and corporal abuse of vulnerable individuals made him a serious danger to the public. " Despite his literary attempts at evil, his characters and stories often fell into repetition of sexual acts and philosophical justifications. These include Peter Weiss's play Marat/Sade, a fantasia extrapolating from the fact that Sade directed plays performed by his fellow inmates at the Charenton asylum.  Later in life, at one of Sade's trials the Abbé testified, saying that Sade had a "passionate temperament which made him eager in the pursuit of pleasure" but had a "good heart. It opens with a domesticated approach: To enlighten mankind and improve its morals is the only lesson which we offer in this story. Luis Buñuel's L'Âge d'Or (1930), the final segment of which provides a coda to 120 Days of Sodom, with the four debauched noblemen emerging from their mountain retreat. SpanishDict is the world's most popular Spanish-English dictionary, translation, and learning It is distinct from situations where consenting individuals use mild or simulated pain or humiliation for sexual excitement. Sade was unable to retrieve the manuscript before being removed from the prison. I feel sad, but I don't know why.  In modern culture his works are simultaneously viewed as masterful analyses of how power and economics work, and as erotica.
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